Kansas Department of Administration, Division of Personnel Services
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Article 7


Probationary Period and Employee Evaluation

1-7-1. (Authorized by K.S.A. 1981 Supp. 75-3747; implementing K.S.A. 1981 Supp. 75-2946, as amended; effective May 1, 1979; amended, E-82-14, July 1, 1981; revoked May 1, 1983.)

1-7-2.(Authorized by and implementing K.S.A. 1980 Supp. 75-2943; effective May 1, 1979; amended May 1, 1981; revoked May 1, 1983.)

1-7-3. Probationary period required. (a) The probationary period shall be considered as a working test of the employee's ability to perform adequately in the position to which the employee was hired. In order to aid the agency in developing efficient employees, the supervisor shall give reasonable instruction and training that may be required throughout the probationary period. Each appointing authority shall establish procedures so that any problems with probationary employees will be brought to the attention of the agency management for appropriate action before the end of the probationary period.
(b) Before the end of the probationary period, the appointing authority shall provide the director with results of a performance review for the employee. If the overall performance review rating given to a probationary employee before the end of the employee’s probationary period is unsatisfactory, the employee shall not be granted permanent status. The performance review ratings required by this subsection shall not be required to occur within the time period established in K.A.R. 1-7-10 (a)(3).
(c) Except as provided in K.A.R. 1-7-4, all new hires, promotions, and rehires shall be tentative and subject to a probationary period as authorized by K.A.R. 1-7-4. If the probationary period of an employee is to be extended as authorized by K.A.R. 1-7-4, the appointing authority, before the end of the probationary period, shall furnish the employee with a copy of the performance review stating that the probationary period is extended. Results of the performance review shall be provided to the director.
(d) Any probationary employee, other than an employee on probation due to a promotion from a position in which the employee had permanent status, may be dismissed by the appointing authority at any time during the probationary period.
(e) This regulation shall be effective on and after October 1, 2009. (Authorized by K.S.A. 75-3706 and K.S.A. 2008 Supp. 75-3747; implementing K.S.A. 75-2943, 75-2946, 75-3707, and 75-3746; effective May 1, 1983; amended May 1, 1984; amended, T-86-17, June 17, 1985; amended May 1, 1986; amended Dec. 17, 1995; amended June 5, 2005; amended October 1, 2009.)

1-7-4. Duration of probationary period. (a) Each new hire and each rehire made on a basis other than reemployment or reinstatement who is employed in a regular position shall be subject to a probationary period of six months. This probationary period may be extended by the appointing authority for not more than six additional months if action to extend the proba¬tionary period is taken before the end of the original six-month proba¬tionary period. A probationary period of not more than 12 months may be estab¬lished by the appointing authority if specific training or certification requirements for a position cannot be completed within six months.
(b) Each employee who is promoted shall be subject to a probationary period of not less than three months and not more than six months as determined by the appointing authority. However, a probationary period of not more than 12 months may be established by the appointing authority if specific training or certification requirements for a position cannot be completed within six months. Each employee with permanent status who serves a probationary period in accordance with this subsection shall retain permanent status throughout the probationary period.
(c) Each person rehired on the basis of reemployment shall have permanent status effective on the date of rehire.
(d) Each person rehired on the basis of reinstatement shall be subject to a probationary period of not less than three months and not more than six months as determined by the appointing authority.
(e) Time on leave with or without pay of more than 30 consecutive calendar days shall not count towards total time served on probation. The employee's probationary period shall be continued effective with the employee's return from leave until the total probation time served equals the time required for the position.
(f) Each employee with permanent status who is transferred from one agency to another, or transferred within the same agency, shall continue to have permanent status.
(g) If a probationary employee is transferred from one position in a class to another position in the same class or another class in the same pay grade, the transfer shall have no effect on the employee's probationary period. The probationary period may be extended by the appointing authority for not more than six additional months by giving written notice of the extension to the employee and director before the expiration of the original six-month probationary period.
(h) Each employee who is transferred, demoted, or promoted from any position in the unclassified service to a regular position in the classified service shall serve a probationary period of six months.
(i) Persons serving in temporary positions shall not be subject to a probationary
period.
(j) Each employee in a governor's trainee position or a position in a training classification shall be placed on probation for six months when promoted to the regular class at the end of the training period.
(k) This regulation shall be effective on and after October 1, 2009. (Authorized by K.S.A. 75-3706 and K.S.A. 2008 Supp. 75-3747; implementing K.S.A. 75-2943, 75-2946, 75-3707, and 75-3746; effective May 1, 1983; amended May 1, 1985; amended Dec. 27, 1993; amended Dec. 17, 1995; amended October 1, 2009.)

1-7-5. (Authorized by K.S.A. 75-3747, as amended by 1985 HB 2125; implementing K.S.A. 75-2946 and 1985 HB 2133; effective May 1, 1983; amended, T-86-17, June 17, 1985; amended May 1, 1986; revoked Dec. 17, 1995.)

1-7-6. Notices relating to probationary periods and extensions. (a) Before the expiration of each employee's probationary period, a performance review shall be completed and a rating shall be assigned, and the appointing authority shall notify the employee and the director in writing of one of the following:
(1) The employee has been dismissed or demoted.
(2) The probationary period is being extended, if extension is permissible under the provisions of K.A.R. 1-7-4.
(3) The employee is being given permanent status.
(b) If a probationary employee has not been notified in accordance with subsection (a) by the end of any probationary period, the employee shall be deemed to have been given permanent status. In case of dispute as to whether the employee was notified, a determination shall be made by the director. (Authorized by K.S.A. 75-3706 and K.S.A. 2008 Supp. 75-3747; implementing K.S.A. 75-2943, 75-2946, 75-3707, and 75-3746; effective May 1, 1983; amended, T-86-17, June 17, 1985; amended May 1, 1986; amended May 1, 1987; amended Dec. 17, 1995; amended Sept. 25, 2009.)

1-7-7. Dismissal of probationary employee by director. The director may dismiss a probationary employee at any time during the employee's probationary period, after giving the employee notice and an opportunity to be heard, if the director finds that the employee was appointed as a result of a violation of the provisions of the act or these regulations. (Authorized by K.S.A. 75-3706 and K.S.A. 2008 Supp. 75-3747; implementing K.S.A. 75-2943, 75-2946, 75-3707, and 75-3746; effective May 1, 1983; amended Sept. 25, 2009.)

1-7-8,

1-7-9. Reserved for future use.

1-7-10. Performance reviews. (a) Each agency’s appointing authority shall implement the state performance management process that was developed in accordance with L. 2008, Ch. 159, Sec. 1 and shall ensure that performance reviews are conducted in accordance with this process for each employee in the classified service. The performance review shall be used to inform employees of their expected performance outcomes and to assess the effectiveness of each employee.
(1) The performance review of each employee shall be completed by the employee’s immediate supervisor or, if the employee’s immediate supervisor has not supervised the employee for at least 90 days, by another qualified person designated by the appointing authority. “Qualified person” shall mean a person who is familiar with the duties and responsibilities of the employee’s position and has significant knowledge of the job performance of the employee.
(2) A performance review shall be completed and a rating assigned at least annually in the manner required and on the forms prescribed by the director. An agency may add additional, job-related performance criteria and measures to the forms prescribed by the director, as determined by the appointing authority.
(3) Performance ratings for all permanent employees shall be assigned on an annual basis within the period beginning October 1 and ending December 31.
(4) Midyear reviews for all permanent employees shall be conducted on an annual basis within the period beginning April 1 and ending June 30.
(5) The appointing authority may conduct a special performance review rating for any employee at any time, unless prohibited under K.A.R. 1-14-8 due to pending layoffs.
(6) Each employee who receives an unsatisfactory rating on either of the essential requirements set out on the form prescribed by the director shall have an overall performance review rating of unsatisfactory.
(7) Each employee shall be given the opportunity to sign the employee’s performance review as evidence that the employee has been informed of the performance review rating. The employee’s signature shall not abridge the employee’s right of appeal if the employee disagrees with the rating. The failure of the employee to sign the performance review shall not invalidate the rating.
(b)(1) Any employee entitled to appeal a rating under K.A.R. 1-7-11 may do so within seven calendar days after being informed of the rating. After the period of seven calendar days for filing appeals has expired and if no appeal has been filed, the appointing authority or the authority's designee shall review the rating, make any changes deemed necessary, sign the performance review, place the entire original performance review in the employee's official personnel file, and provide a copy of the review to the employee. In addition, the appointing authority may provide copies to each reviewer if the appointing authority deems necessary.
(2) If the appointing authority makes any change in the rating or adds any comment on the performance review, the review shall be returned to the employee to be signed again, and the employee, if eligible to appeal the rating, shall again have seven calendar days to file an appeal to the appointing authority. The final results of the performance review shall be reported to the director.
(c) Subject to the provisions of K.S.A. 75-2949e and amendments thereto, two performance review ratings of less than meets expectations that are conducted within 180 days may be utilized as a basis for demotion, suspension, or dismissal of the employee.
(d) If the overall performance review rating assigned to a probationary employee at the end of the employee’s probationary period is unsatisfactory, the employee shall not be granted permanent status.
(e) This regulation shall be effective on and after October 1, 2009. (Authorized by K.S.A. 75-2943, K.S.A. 75-3706, and K.S.A. 2008 Supp. 75-3747; implementing K.S.A. 75-2943, 75-2949e, 75-3706, and 75-3746; effective May 1, 1983; amended May 1, 1984; amended, T-86-17, June 17, 1985; amended May 1, 1986; amended, T-1-7-27-89, July 27, 1989; amended Nov. 20, 1989; amended Dec. 17, 1995; amended June 5, 2005; amended October 1, 2009.)

1-7-11. Employees entitled to appeal performance reviews. (a) Any employee who receives a performance rating that is lower than the highest possible rating may appeal that rating if the employee meets either of the following conditions:
(1) The employee has permanent status, including an employee with permanent status who is serving a probationary period due to a promotion.
(2) The employee is serving a probationary period due to a rehire on the basis of reinstatement.
(b) (1) If an action concerning the end of probationary status is dependent upon the performance review, the appeal committee may make a recommendation to the appointing authority concerning whether or not to grant permanent status to the employee. However, the appointing authority shall have the right to make the determination of whether or not to grant permanent status, subject to whatever limitations are imposed by the performance rating of the performance review prepared by the appeal committee.
(2) Notwithstanding the limits on the duration of probationary periods established elsewhere in these regulations, the appointing authority may extend the probationary period for a limited period of time as necessary to allow the appeal committee to prepare the final performance review. The total amount of time of this extension shall not exceed 60 calendar days.
(3) The appointing authority shall report to the director each extension of a probationary period made pursuant to this regulation.
(c) This regulation shall be effective on and after October 1, 2009. (Authorized by K.S.A. 75-2943, K.S.A. 75-3706, and K.S.A. 2008 Supp. 75-3747; implementing K.S.A. 75-2943, 75-2946, 75-3707, and 75-3746; effective May 1, 1983; amended, T-86-17, June 17, 1985; amended May 1, 1986; amended Dec. 17, 1995; amended Oct. 24, 1997; amended June 5, 2005; amended October 1, 2009.)

1-7-12. Performance review appeal procedure. (a) (1) Each employee who is eligible to appeal a performance review under K.A.R. 1-7-11 may, within seven calendar days after the employee has been informed of the rating, submit an appeal in writing to the appointing authority.
(2) Within seven calendar days following receipt of the employee's written notice of appeal, the appointing authority shall have the option either to make any changes in the rating deemed appropriate or to appoint a committee of three or more persons to hear the appeal.
(3) If the appointing authority makes any change in the rating or adds any comments to the rating form, the rating form shall be returned to the employee to be signed again. The employee shall be informed that, if the employee disagrees with the revised performance review, the employee may, within seven calendar days, file an appeal in writing to the appointing authority. If the employee files an appeal of the revised review, the appointing authority shall, within seven calendar days following receipt of the employee's written notice of appeal, appoint a committee of three or more persons to hear the appeal.
(4) If an appeal committee is appointed to hear the appeal, persons shall be appointed who, in the appointing authority's judgment, will be fair and impartial in discharging their responsibilities. Before appointing the appeal committee, the appointing authority shall give the employee a reasonable opportunity for consultation on the matter of appointment of the appeal committee. The appeal committee shall not include the initial rater or raters. In general, the members of the appeal committee shall be officers or employees of the agency. However, the appointing authority may select one or more members of the committee from one or more other state agencies if the appointing authority determines that the objective of a fair and impartial hearing can best be served by doing so.
(b) (1) As soon as the committee has been appointed, the appointing authority shall notify the employee of the names of the members of the committee and the date, time, and place of the hearing.
(2) (A) Before the beginning of the hearing, the employee may object to any individual proposed to serve as a member of the committee in writing and shall include the reasons upon which the employee is basing the objection.
(B) The appointing authority shall make a determination either to deny the objection or to grant the objection and appoint another individual to the committee before the commencement of the hearing.
(C) The appointing authority shall inform the employee of the determination in writing.
(D) Each objection taken pursuant to this subsection and each determination regarding each objection shall be included as part of the documentation of the appeal.
(3) The appeal committee shall consider any relevant evidence that may be offered by the employee and the rater and shall make available to the employee any evidence that the committee may secure on its own initiative. The employee and rater shall have an opportunity to question any person offering evidence to the appeal committee. The appeal committee may limit the offering of evidence that it deems to be repetitious or irrelevant.
(4) Within 14 calendar days of the date the members of the committee were appointed, the committee shall prepare and sign a rating for the employee. That rating shall be final and not subject to further appeal. The appeal committee shall give the rating to the appointing authority, who, within five calendar days, shall provide copies to the employee and each person who originally rated the employee. The appeal committee shall report the rating to the director.
(5) If the appointing authority cannot appoint an appeal committee within the prescribed seven calendar days, the employee requests an extension of the time limit, or the appeal committee cannot make its rating within 14 calendar days of the date of its appointment, the appointing authority may extend these time limits for a reasonable period of time.
(c) This regulation shall be effective on and after October 1, 2009. (Authorized by K.S.A. 75-2943, K.S.A. 75-3706, and K.S.A 2008 Supp. 75-3747; implementing K.S.A. 75-2943, 75-3707, and 75-3746; effective May 1, 1983; amended, T-84-20, July 26, 1983; amended May 1, 1984; amended, T-86-17, June 17, 1985; amended May 1, 1986; amended Dec. 17, 1995; amended June 5, 2005; amended October 1, 2009.)

1-7-13. (Authorized by K.S.A. 75-3747, as amended by 1985 HB 2125; implementing K.S.A. 75-2943, 75-2944, and 75-2949e, as amended by 1985 HB 2133; effective May 1, 1983; amended May 1, 1984; amended, T-86-17, June 17, 1985; amended May 1, 1986; revoked Dec. 17, 1995.) (Authorized by and implementing K.S.A. 1980 Supp. 75-2943; effective May 1, 1979; amended May 1, 1981; revoked May 1, 1983.)